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Literature review  

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Last Updated: Dec 21, 2012 URL: http://libguides.csufresno.edu/literaturereview Print Guide RSS Updates

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Literature Review Clinic


Definition
… a systematic, explicit, and reproducible method of identifying, evaluating and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners (Fink, 2010).

Definition
… a systematic, explicit, and reproducible method of identifying, evaluating and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners (Fink, 2010).

Definition
… a systematic, explicit, and reproducible method of identifying, evaluating and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners (Fink, 2010).

Steps
Select research question
Choose databases and sources
Identify search terms
Screen (practical)
Screen (methodological)
Review
Synthesize

Step 1
Select a research question
What do you want to know
Be broad and specific
Be flexible

Step 2
Choose databases and sources
Identify major databases
Identify peripheral sources
Find seminal work and follow through
Be forensic and investigative

Step 3
Identify search terms
Use the vocabulary of the discourse community
Know how to combine and limit
Follow leads from database providers

Step 4
Search (practical)
Language
Dates
Populations
Caution

Step 5
Screen (methodological)
Reliability of the collection
Validity must measure up
Caution

Step 6
Review
Learn how to read
Code based on your outline
Use EndNote


Step 7
Synthesis
Describe current knowledge and its quality
Support need for more research
Explain findings of the lit review

SAMPLE

1.  INTRODUCTION  

2.  REVIEW OF THE LITERTURE                          

Scope of the Problem                                     
 Alternative Obesity Management Methods         
 Influences That Affect Eating Behavior              
 The Beliefs and Behaviors of College Students 

3.  METHODOLOGY                                         
 Sample Population                                        
 Data Collected     
 Statistical Analysis    

4.  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION    

5.  CONCLUSION     

REFERENCES      

APPENDICES      

Questions?
rossl@csufresno.edu